Journal of the Indian institute of architects (JIIA)

87 | Ar. Namrata P. Dhobekar, Dr. Janmejoy Gupta

Role of Traditional Knowledge System in Building Resilient Built Environment: A Study of Garhwal Region, Uttarakhand - Ar. Namrata P. Dhobekar, Dr. Janmejoy Gupta

Traditional knowledge systems have evolved from the experiences of communities. They have the mechanism to cater socially and are ecologically responsive and disaster-resilient lifestyles. In mountain ecosystems like Garhwal in Uttarakhand, the natural setting is extreme, livelihood resources are minimal, and are threatened by constant disasters. In such cases, the traditional knowledge system is the key to better living. Hence, it is observed that communities are continuing to practice their traditional wisdom of livelihood, natural resources, health, buildings, and construction. This system contributes to an essential relevance in building resilient communities. The aim is to study and document the traditional knowledge system for Uttarakhand state in the Garhwal region in order to develop an understanding of the various systems and evolve mechanisms to benefit the community. This research allows us to understand that traditions and culture significantly impact lifestyle and built form. The study assesses the geographic profile as well as the socio-economic and built environment study. This study provides awareness of the indigenous community's life and its intangible and tangible heritage. It invites further exploration of the Garhwal culture and its valuable traditional knowledge system.


traditional knowledge system, disaster resilience, socio-economic built environment, sustainability.

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