Journal of the Indian institute of architects (JIIA)

87 | Ar. K. Ravi Kumar Reddy, Ar. Ramesh Srikonda

Ēkādaśarudrapathá, the Mythical and Enchanting Kāśī Viśvanātha Dhāma - Ar. K. Ravi Kumar Reddy, Ar. Ramesh Srikonda

Though tradition has evolved with culture, both revolve through ingenuity of a cyclic feedback to a stage where the ritualistic social behaviours have transcended to grace the architectural forms and spaces to a status of psychological belongingness, where religious culture is evident while keeping cherished traditions inherent. Sacral architecture of spaces in a religious precinct reverberates the ethos of its cultural background associated with its evolution. The later built forms of Kāśī Viśvanātha Dhāma in Varanasi are seen to mature to a state where the representation of Rudra, the multiplicity of forms of Āḍi-Viśveśvara, to the internal self of the deity or Ātman, immerse the devotee to the ultimate. The path across Kāśī Viśvanātha Dhāma shall be examined with respect to appropriate architectural details and supportive facilities given to devotees, which take them through an engagement of progressive accession of spirituality. Kāśī Viśvanātha Dhāma is seen to mature to be a venerated hermitage which merges the conceptuality of Rudrabhūmi that is traceable to cosmic geometry. The calculations of the respective cosmic math and mapping to the spiritual spaces with progressive segregation sustains not only the invocation of benevolent actuality for devotees but also their psychological metamorphosis.


Built-buffers, Ēkādaśarudra, Kāśī, Madhyameśvara, Mahārudra, Mokṣa, Urban renewal, Vārāṇasi.

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